Plastic surgery belongs to one of the most popular fields of medicine. For years, it has enjoyed considerable interest primarily among women. That is why the vast majority of the procedures offered by individual plastic surgery clinics are intended for women. This does not mean, however, that men have nothing to look for there. It all depends on our needs. Contrary to popular belief, plastic surgery consists not only of aesthetic, but also reconstructive surgery.

The main division of procedures in the field of plastic surgery

At the heart of plastic surgery are reconstructive procedures. Originally performed on soldiers who were seriously wounded during the war. To this end, specialized medical centers specializing in this type of surgery began to appear. We can define reconstructive surgery as a branch of medicine dealing with the restoration of form and function after serious injuries. The aesthetic aspect is of secondary importance. Damaged tissues must regain full functional efficiency. Popular treatments include those that deal with congenital facial defects. For example, cleft palate and lips. In addition, such operations are carried out in the event of damage that occurred as a result of an accident or the course of the disease. Skin burns, injuries requiring transplants, damage resulting from malignant tumors affecting the outer layers of the body and breast reconstruction. All this is a good reason to visit a plastic surgeon. After all, reconstruction surgery is only a small part of the work of such doctors. They perform surgery under aesthetic surgery much more often. They are designed to improve the appearance of operated body parts. Their functionality is not the subject of the procedure. Such changes in appearance are often accompanied by a positive psychological effect. Health indications are not required to undergo cosmetic procedures. Many of them relate to improving the appearance of our face – nose surgery, eyelid correction or even whole-face lifting. In addition, breast enlargement, abdominoplasty and liposuction are possible.

A typical cosmetic procedure – face lifting

As our skin ages, it begins to sag. It loses its tension and flexibility. As a result, the face oval is distorted. By undergoing a facelift procedure, we manage to get rid of excess skin and restore its proper tension. Another positive effect is the reduction of wrinkles, including those on the neck. When it is worth deciding to visit a plastic surgeon is a completely individual matter. People age at different rates, but usually patients over 40 years of age report lifting. It all depends when we see signs of aging on our face. Plastic surgery procedures in the field of face lifting can be divided into invasive and non-invasive. First of all, it is best to use the latter.

In the case of invasive face lifting, there is a major surgery that is carried out under anesthesia. The doctor cuts the skin of the face on the temples along the hairline and behind and in front of the ear. It is in these places that it is necessary to stretch the skin if we want to get the correct face contour. Any excess skin formed is then removed. To avoid visible scars, the specialist uses thin and precise sutures. In this way, the incision sites become almost invisible. After 48 hours, the patient is released from observation in the clinic. In turn, the seams remain in place for about a week. We will see the final effect only after the swelling has subsided. Usually it will take about half a year. The advantage of this treatment is that we do not have to repeat it regularly. Since it is performed using general anesthesia, there are several contraindications that should be considered. The most important of them include breastfeeding or being pregnant, diabetes, epilepsy, diagnosed cancer or autoimmune diseases. All this makes non-invasive plastic surgery much more popular.

Non-invasive face lifting – lifting threads or volumetric lifting?
Plastic surgery is not necessarily associated with major surgery requiring anesthesia. Sometimes it is limited to less invasive techniques. The same applies to face lifting. For this first type of surgery, the specialist injects long hyaluronic threads into the deep layers of the skin. Their task is to create a kind of scaffolding, which is responsible for lifting individual parts of the face. Its effects become visible immediately, or what will we wait for the final effect at least 3 months. In turn, as part of volumetric lifting, a preparation is injected that contains, for example, hyaluronic or lactic acid. It must be absorbed into the deep layers of the skin. It will fill areas of the face that are no longer as firm and tense as in the past.

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